Kamuthi is about 90 km from Madurai. It belongs to the Mudukulathur Legislative Constituency. As of 2001 India census,Kamuthi had a population of 13,135. Males constitute 48% of the population and females 52%. Kamuthi has an average literacy rate of 75%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80%, and female literacy is 71%. In Kamuthi, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age. Agriculture and animal breeding are the main businesses of the people of this region. There are 19 schools (9 Primary, 2 upper Primary, 5 Secondary and 3 Higher Secondary schools).one of the important school is K.N.Higher Secondary School total strength of this school 1500(boys),2500(girls).and an Arts and Science College serving the student community in this town. People of Kamuthi give more importance to education.
Many Hindu temples are there in Kamuthi. Among them Sri Muthumariamman Temple are bigger ones. Vikasi, Aadi, and Panguni urchavams are celebrated with much fervour. A number of Mosques and Churches are there also. Sandhana Koodu festival by Muslims and St.Antony’s festival by Christians are celebrated by people of all religions. Kamuthi stands for religious harmony. Nine Schools,a Bus stand, One cinema hall, One Ice Factory and three main business and trade streets are there. Every Tuesday, a weekly market comes alive with buzz of activities. Dry fish, Kasara(Sweet), Parotta, Pakoda and Jaggery of this town are very popular. Muthumariamman dairy farms are there in and around Kamuthi, which immensively contribute to the economic upliftment of the people. They are exporting milk to surroundings of kamuthi and also to Madurai, Karaikudi, Thirupuvanam, Srivilliputhur, Aruppukkottai.
Trade between Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka took place via this town. Recently, archaeologists have found some Jain idols of 12th Century. The fort at Kottaimedu belongs to 17th century was built on the banks of the Gundaaru River.
Kottaimedu developed fast .Here we only union office, Talulk office of Kamuthi situated .Apart from that Famous
temple Munieswarar also in Kottaimedu .Surrounding area people come to kottai medu to take water for their use
Many eminent personalities were born in Kamuthi. The freedom fighter and a friend of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, Pasumpon Thiru. Muthuramalinga Thevar was born in the nearby village Pasumpon. He was a great orator and had been an MLA and MP for a long time. Every year, Thevar Gurupooja is celelbrated on October 30. There is an Arts and Science College (Pasumpon Thiru. Muthuramalinga Thevar Memorial Arts and Science College) in his name at Kottaimedu,PRINCIPAL of this college is Dr.K.Ramanathan M.A,M.Phil,P.hd.,providing higher education to the youths of this area. Youths of this region want to join Police and Armed forces. There are serious racial problems toward the western civilizations, due to the war conflict in 1939.
Thiru. Narayana Konar, who was born in Agathariruppu nearby Kamuthi, was known for his services to Tamil language. Agathariruppuis the birthplace of Professor Chenna Pulavar Karmega Konar.
Actor Senthil, one of the famous comedians of Tamil Film industry, was born in Elanchembur nearby Mudukulathur. Sindhamani Murugesan, Chairman of Tamil Film Distributors Association, was from Kamuthi. Sahul Hamid, a playback singer, was also from this town.
In an attempt to cater to the medical needs of the people and meet the growing demand for medical studies, the newly established Kamaraj Memorial Medical Education and Research Trust has proposed to start Kamaraj Memorial Medical College here in two years’ time, according to its Chairman V. Pugalagiri. Briefing mediapersons here on Saturday, Dr. Pugalagiri said that it was decided to start a college with strength of 150 seats after the members of the Madurai Kamudhi Nadars’ Sangam evinced keen interest in the project.K. Ramachandran, executive president, Madurai Kamudhi Nadars’ Sangam, said that funds for this project, which was estimated to cost Rs.150 crore, would be mobilised from philanthropists, like-minded individuals and non-resident Indians.
According to the MCI, presence of a 300-bed hospital, to offer medical services to the rural people, was a must before starting a college, for which even a 25 to 30-acre (120,000 m2) land would suffice, but the trust, with a long-term perspective, had planned to establish it in 150 acres (0.61 km2), Dr. Pugalagiri said.